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© Copyright Jo Golesworthy
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Jo Golesworthy Sculpture

Pollen Grains


By reproducing pollen forms in an architectural material I attempt to illustrate a botanic world, ubiquitous yet invisible to the naked eye.


The sculpture is hand-built in a limestone compound, which may stand out of doors slowly growing a botanic patina of its own. They can also be cleaned or limewashed if required.

Featured botanical prints by William Baxter, Elizabeth Blackwell, William Curtis, Robert Hogg,

John Hermann Knoop, Charles Frederick Millspaugh, James Sowerby.

Alder

Alnus glutinosa

A tree of wet habitat. Abundant pollen is produced on catkins in early spring.


Almond

Prunus dulcis

Truck loads of honey bee colonies are transported on an industrial scale to pollinate the vast Californian crop.


Bell heather

Erica cinerea

Common plant of heath and moorland. Thriving in poor, acid soil.


Birch

Betula pendula

The Silver Birch is wind-pollinated. 'most beautiful of forest trees, the Lady of the Woods'. - Samuel Taylor Coleridge


Biting stonecrop

Sedum acre

Found on stone walls, shingles and dunes.


Blackthorn

Prunus spinosa

One of the first hedgerow plants to flower with masses of tiny white blossoms appearing before the leaves. The blue-black fruits develop in late summer.


Bramble

Rubus fructicosus

Producing the familiar blackberries of late summer and a haven for many species of wildlife.


Burnet rose

Rosa pimpinellifolia

Densely prickled stems and black fruits. Found on downs and dunes especially near the sea.


Chickweed

Stellaria media

Small, widespread and prolific. Relished by free range poultry, hence its name.


Corncockle

Agrostemma githago

Now rare, the reddish-mauve flowers were once common in cornfields.


Creeping thistle

Cirsium arvense

An abundant and troublesome weed, but attractive to butterflies. Reproduces both by wind-borne fluffy seed and a creeping root system.


Daisy

Bellis perennis

English name derived from 'day's eye'.


Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

Diuretic. hence its name, 'Pissenlit'. Flowers April-May. Roots used as a coffee substitute in wartime. Each flower head contains up to 200 florets.


Fairy flax

Linum catharticum

A member of the flax family. Once used as a violent purgative.


Field madder

Sherardia arvensis

A sprawling weed of arable and waste ground. A relative of Rubia tinctorum, both once used to obtain red dye.


Grapevine

Vitis vinifera

Wind-pollinated and assisted by man in viticulture.


Great mullein

Verbascum thapsus

Also known as Aaron's Rod and regionally as Candlewick Plant.


Herb-robert

Geranium robertianum

Known in some parts of the British Isles as 'Stinking Bob'.


Holly

Ilex aquifolium

Plants either male or female.


Ivy

Hedera helix

Ubiquitous evergreen climbing plant. The greenish yellow flowers produce an abundant source of nectar and pollen in late summer.


Lavender

Lavandula vera

Good source of nectar.


Maize

Zea mays

Wind-pollinated.


Mallow (common)

Malva sylvestris

Plant of wayside and wasteground. Also known as 'Billy Buttons' owing to the shape of the fruits.


Milkwort (common)

Polygala vulgaris

Found on heaths, dunes and grassland. In times past an infusion of milkwort was believed to increase milkflow in nursing mothers.


Mimosa

Acacia binervia

Native of Australia. A heavy pollen. Good source of food for honey bees.


Nipplewort

Lapsana communis

Found on roadsides and waste ground. Diminutive nipple-like buds which only open on sunny mornings.


Passion flower

Passiflora caerulea

Stigmas and antlers are adapted to aid pollination by insects.


Pussy willow

Salix caprea

Native to Europe. Catkins open on bare twigs in March and April.


Red campion

Silene dioica

Common hedgerow flower. Each plant has flowers of one sex only. Can hybridise and back cross presenting shades of pink.


Rosebay willowherb

Epilobium angustifolium

Also known as 'fireweed', it thrives on disturbed or burnt ground and quickly colonized bomb sites of World War 2.


Scots pine

Pinus silvestris

A single pine tree can produce millions of pollen grains, each with a pair of airsacks to increase to the chances of wind-pollination.


Sea holly

Eryngium maritimum

Now more likely to be found in gardens than on the beach. Attractive to bees.


Sheep’s bit

Jasione montana

Found on rough, lime-free pasture, heaths and cliffs.


Stitchwort

Stellaria holostea

Flimsy Greater stitchwort is common in hedgerows and woods throughout Britain.


Teasel

Dipsacus fullonum

A tall, upright plant of rough, damp pasture and wayside. A variety with tiny hooks on the tips of its prickly seedhead, used to tease the nap on velour and cashmere.


Whorl flower

Morina longifolia

Native of the Himalayas. Releases a subtle citrus perfume when brushed.


Wild carrot

Daucus carota

Often found near the sea. Ancestor of the garden carrot.


Wild strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Found in woods and hedges, especially on chalk.


Yellow horned-poppy

Glaucium flavum

Prefers shingle banks on the coast.